Rights and Responsibilities of the Gymnasts and of their Entourage
WHAT DO GYMNASTS AND GYMNAST SUPPORT PERSONNEL NEED TO KNOW ABOUT ANTI-DOPING?
“Every gymnast has the right to clean sport!”
Any gymnast may be tested in- and out-of-competition, anytime, anywhere and with no advance notice.
The principle of strict liability applies in anti-doping – if it is in the gymnast’s body, the gymnast is responsible for it.
Gymnasts’ responsibilities include (but are not limited to):
- complying with the FIG’s Anti-Doping Rules (in line with the World Anti-Doping Code and its International Standards);
- Produce appropriate identification;
- being available for sample collection (urine or blood), whether in-competition or out-of-competition;
- ensuring that no prohibited substance enters his body and that no prohibited method is used;
- making sure that any treatment is not prohibited according to the Prohibited List in force and checking this with the prescribing physicians, or directly with FIG if necessary;
- applying to FIG (or national anti-doping organization if the gymnast is a national level athlete) if no alternative permitted treatment is possible and a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) is required (see http://www.gymnastics.sport/site/pages/antidoping-tues.php#loaded)
- reporting immediately for sample collection after being notified of a doping control;
- ensuring the accuracy of the information entered on the doping control form during sample collection (including stating any medications and supplements taken within the seven days prior to sample collection, and where the sample collected is a blood sample, blood transfusions within the previous three months);
- Complying with sample collection procedures (failure to do so may constitute an anti-doping rule violation);
- Reporting immediately for doping control unless there are compelling reasons for a delay.
- cooperating with anti-doping organizations investigating anti-doping rules violations (ADRVs); and
- not working with coaches, trainers, physicians or other gymnast support personnel who are ineligible on account of an ADRV or who have been criminally convicted or professionally disciplined in relation to doping (see WADA’s Prohibited Association List)
Note: during doping control, the gymnast must remain within direct observation of the Doping Control Officer (DCO) or chaperone at all times from when the initial contact is made until the completion of the sample collection procedure. The gymnast must also produce identification upon request.
Gymnasts’ rights include (but are not limited to):
- during the doping control:
- bringing a representative and, if available, an interpreter;
- asking for additional information about the sample collection process;
- requesting a delay in reporting to the doping control station for valid reasons (International Standard for Testing and Investigations Art. 5.4.4); and
- requesting modifications for gymnasts with impairments (if applicable).
- requesting and attending the B sample analysis (in the case of an Adverse Analytical Finding); and
- • in the case of an Anti-Doping Rule Violation (ADRV) being asserted, the gymnast has the right to a fair hearing and the right to appeal the hearing decision.